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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microevolution

Microevolution is the change in allele frequencies that occurs over time within a population. ... Due to the damaging effects that mutations can have on cells, organisms have evolved mechanisms such as DNA repair ... Mutations can involve large sections of DNA becoming duplicated, usually through genetic recombination.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Population_bottleneck

A population bottleneck or genetic bottleneck is a sharp reduction in the size of a population ... The genetic drift caused by a population bottleneck can change the ... of inbreeding and genetic homogeneity increase, leading to the potential for ... Smaller population size can also cause deleterious mutations to accumulate.

ghr.nlm.nih.gov/primer/mutationsanddisorders/genemutation

6 days ago ... A gene mutation is a permanent alteration in the DNA sequence that ... Mutations range in size; they can affect anywhere from a single DNA ...

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2871823

Population genetics is fundamental to our understanding of evolution, and ... Based on their effects on fitness, mutations can be divided into three broad .... DNA, (v) chromosome mutations that affect long enough pieces of DNA to become .... for potential confounding factors and mutations of small effects cannot be detected.

evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/mutations_05

... mutations. A single germ line mutation can have a range of effects: ... Mutations that cause the death of an organism are called lethals — and it doesn't get more negative than that. Little mutations with big effects: Mutations to control genes

www.biology-pages.info/M/Mutation_and_Evolution.html

most mutations in genes affect a single protein product (or a small set of ... So how can the small changes in genes caused by mutations, especially ... There is also evidence that vertebrate evolution has involved at least two ... The closer you get to the top with a mutation, the greater the changes affected downstream.

www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/biology-and-genetics/genetics-and-genetic-engineering/mutation

Get information, facts, and pictures about mutation at Encyclopedia.com. ... If the DNA of a particular gene is altered, that gene may become defective, and the protein ... Just one missing or abnormal protein can have an enormous effect on the entire ..... There is ample evidence that mutations are causally related to cancer, ...

ncse.com/book/export/html/1902

111: "you can mutate DNA 'til the cows come home and you still wouldn't get ... 105: "there is no evidence that one species of bacteria has changed into another" ... Mutations do not just occur in genes, the description in Explore Evolution .... the greatest potential for generating evolutionary change (Prud'homme et al., 2007).

answersingenesis.org/genetics/mutations/are-there-beneficial-mutations

Apr 25, 2008 ... Hopefully, this will become clear in the examples that follow. ... Even a small change in the DNA can cause large detrimental effects to the overall ... While I have yet to see evidence of a truly beneficial mutation, I have seen ... For example, there are people with mutations in the CCR5 gene that make them ...