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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_current

An ocean current is a continuous, directed movement of seawater generated by forces acting upon this mean flow, such as breaking waves, wind, the Coriolis effect, cabbeling, temperature and salinity differences, while tides are caused by the gravitational pull of the Sun and Moon. Depth contours, shoreline configurations, ...

oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/facts/currents.html

Feb 14, 2013 ... Ocean currents can be generated by wind, density differences in water masses caused by temperature and salinity variations, gravity, and events such as earthquakes. There are two distinct current systems in the ocean—surface circulation, which stirs a. Currents are cohesive streams of seawater that ...

www.noaa.gov/resource-collections/ocean-currents

Winds, water density, and tides all drive ocean currents. Coastal and sea floor features influence their location, direction, and speed. Earth's rotation results in the Coriolis Effect which also influences ocean currents. Similar to a person trying to walk in a straight line across a spinning merry-go-round, winds and ocean waters ...

www.sutori.com/story/wind-and-ocean-currents

Hydrosphere - the part of the climate system that includes all water on and around Earth .... Bands of high and low air pressure create air currents (winds) that flow from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure. .... When clouds are formed low, they trap Earth's thermal energy, which creates a positive feedback loop.

wtamu.edu/~cbaird/sq/2013/07/22/how-does-wind-create-all-the-ocean-currents

Jul 22, 2013 ... Ocean currents are mostly not created by wind. While wind can play a role, often minor, in shaping surface ocean currents, it is not the main or on...

climate.ncsu.edu/edu/k12/.oceancirculations

Aug 9, 2013 ... Surface ocean currents are primarily affected by wind patterns. Trade winds can push water along the top of the ocean and aid in the formation of surface currents . One example of a wind-driven circulation affecting an ocean current is the Gulf Stream. The Gulf Stream takes very warm water from the Gulf of ...

www.answers.com/Q/Are_wind_and_ocean_currents_formed_by_convection

Yes, insolation, which is the amount of energy a surface receives from the sun in kilowatts, at is less at the poles than the equator.

scienceline.ucsb.edu/getkey.php?key=3521

In certain parts of the oceans, the dense water will sink very deeply and form deep water masses. These will flow very slowly in the deep ocean currents. The sun also heats up the air in the atmosphere at the equator. This air will move toward the poles and cool over time. In the process, wind that occurs due to air currents ...

ocean.si.edu/ocean-news/currents-waves-and-tides-ocean-motion

Other large currents at the surface of the ocean are affected by global wind patterns and the Earth's rotation, such as the Gulf Stream off the eastern United States ... Rip currents are narrow channels of water that form when waves of different intensities break on the shoreline and generate currents that try to keep the water ...