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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Far_side_of_the_Moon

In 1968, the Apollo 8 mission's astronauts were the first humans to view this region directly when they orbited the Moon. To date, no human being has ever stood on the surface of the far side of the Moon. Astronomers have suggested installing a large radio telescope on the far side, where the Moon would shield it from ...

socratic.org/questions/who-was-the-first-person-to-observe-the-moon-through-a-telescope-what-features-o

Feb 4, 2016 ... Explanation: Another person Thomas Harriat also climes the first observation but the observation report by Galileo was most scientific about Hills,valleys,shadows, craters on the luar surface. picture credit Urogeon education. ,. Picture creditUrogeon education. Was this helpful? Let the contributor know! Yes.

www.answers.com/Q/Who_was_the_first_scientist_to_see_the_first_moons_features_and_how

The first scientist to study the Moon's features in detail was Galileo who observed it with a telescope.

galileo.rice.edu/lib/student_work/astronomy95/moon.html

When Galileo first turned his telescope to the moon, he had no idea that he was about to see something that would cast doubt upon centuries-old beliefs. At the time of Galileo, science was based upon the teachings of Aristotle. According to Aristotle, the Earth was the center of the universe. All heavenly bodies, including the ...

solarsystem.nasa.gov/news/2009/02/25/our-solar-system-galileos-observations-of-the-moon-jupiter-venus-and-the-sun

Feb 25, 2009 ... He soon made his first astronomical discovery. Color image of Earth and Moon together. Galileo spacecraft image of Earth and its moon. At the time, most scientists believed that the Moon was a smooth sphere, but Galileo discovered that the Moon has mountains, pits, and other features, just like the Earth.

www.space.com/6310-history-corrected-400-year-moon-map.html

Jan 14, 2009 ... Englishman Thomas Harriot made the first drawing of the Moon through a telescope several months before Galileo. ... By 1613 he had created two maps of the whole moon, with many identifiable features such as lunar craters that crucially are depicted in their correct relative positions. The earliest ...

moon.nasa.gov/about/in-depth

During a "full moon," the hemisphere of the moon we can see from Earth is fully illuminated by the sun. And a ... The dark features, called maria (Latin for seas), are impact basins that were filled with lava between 4.2 and 1.2 billion years ago. ... 1969: Astronaut Neil Armstrong is the first human to walk on the moon's surface .

education.seattlepi.com/scientists-use-learn-moons-surface-5528.html

Crashing into the moon in 1959, Russia's Luna 2 spacecraft became the first human-made object to reach Earth's satellite. ... The View from Earth. Without a telescope, you can look up and tell that the moon has creators and what appears to be a white surface. Scientists use powerful telescopes to discover a bit more.

www.airspacemag.com/daily-planet/how-are-places-on-the-moon-named-48457

Dec 31, 2012 ... The Moon is remarkable for the variety and unusual nature of the names of its surface features. The dark, smooth maria are named for weather or states of mind (Sea of Rains, Sea of Tranquility) while many of the abundant craters of the Moon are named for famous scientists, philosophers, mathematicians ...