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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Investiture_Controversy

The Investiture Controversy or Investiture Contest was a conflict between church and state in medieval Europe. In the 11th and 12th centuries, a series of popes challenged the authority of European monarchies. At issue was whether a pope or a monarch had the authority to appoint (invest) local church officials such as ...

simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Investiture_Controversy

The Investiture Controversy, also known as the lay investiture controversy, was the most important conflict between secular and religious powers in medieval Europe. It began as a dispute in the 11th century between the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII. The question was who would control ...

www.britannica.com/event/Investiture-Controversy

Investiture Controversy: Conflict during the late 11th and the early 12th century involving the monarchies of what would later be called the Holy Roman Empire ( the union of Germany, Burgundy, and much...

www.usna.edu/Users/history/abels/hh315/investiture%20controversy.htm

The Gregorian Reform gave rise to the “Investiture Controversy” (1075-1122). Lay investiture was the practice of laypeople (non-clergy) “investing” ecclesiastical (Church) officers with the symbols of their spiritual offices and powers and, by implication, with the offices themselves. ("Invest" in this sense means to give ...

www.newadvent.org/cathen/08084c.htm

(German Investiturstreit.) The terminus technicus for the great struggle between the popes and the German kings Henry IV and Henry V, during the period 1075- 1122. The prohibition of investiture was in truth only the occasion of this conflict; the real issue, at least at the height of the contest, was whether the imperial or the  ...

history.hanover.edu/courses/excerpts/211inv.html

The Investiture Controversy Excerpts from the Original Electronic Text at the web site of the ORB's Internet Medieval Sourcebook. Gregory VII: Dictatus Papae 1090. The Dictatus Papae was included in Pope's register in the year 1075. Some argue that it was written by Pope Gregory VII (r. 1073-1085) himself, others argues ...

en.wikisource.org/wiki/Portal:Investiture_Controversy

Sep 2, 2016 ... The prohibition of investiture was in truth only the occasion of this conflict; the real issue, at least at the height of the contest, was whether the imperial or the papal power was to be supreme in Christendom." —“Conflict of Investitures,” in Catholic Encyclopedia, New York: The Encyclopaedia Press (1913).

courses.lumenlearning.com/suny-hccc-worldhistory/chapter/the-investiture-controversy

The Investiture Controversy began as a power struggle between Pope Gregory VII (1072–1085) and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V (1056–1106). A brief but significant struggle over investiture also occurred between Henry I of England and Pope Paschal II in the years 1103–1107, and the issue also played a minor role in ...

www.vlib.us/medieval/lectures/investiture.html

Medieval History textbooks always devote a lot of space to the Investiture Controversy, and have more emperors and popes running around getting excited about rings, sticks, clumps of dirt, and such stuff that it's hard to figure out what was going on. Just what is "Investiture" and what makes it important enough that I should ...