The Statue of Liberty was given to United States by France. It was originally named "Liberty Enlightening the World." It was created by the French sculptor Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi.
The plaque at the base of the Statue of Liberty reads: "Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, the wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door!" These lines are from the poem "The New Colossus," written by Emma Lazarus in 1883. There is also a plaque with this same quote at the Statue of Liberty Museum.
The Statue of Liberty was built as a recognition of the friendship between France and the United States. The statue itself was designed by French sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, while the pedestal was designed by American architect Richard Morris Hunt. Though the idea was initially conceived in 1865, it took over 20 years for the statue to be completed, with the formal dedication occurring on October 28, 1886.